Last March 8, 2015, we celebrated World Women’s Day and to appreciate and honor them more here’s a list of women who change the world through science and technology.
We are accustomed to see men as the pioneer of many inventions but little did we know some of the most common things we know are invented by women. You may not believe it but most of these inventions saved lives, protected us, comforted us, gives as sweet delights and even make us totally drunk. And to honor them, it is best to recognize them and give them credits and praise for a job well done!
1. Margaret A. Wilcox – “The Car Heater”
via: lib.muohio.edu | Magnus Manske – commons.wikimedia.org(8516891322).jpg
Margaret A. Wilcox invented the first car heater in 1893. The car heater directed air from over the engine to warm the chilly toes of noble’s in 19th-century motorists. She also invented a combined clothes and dish washer.
2. Elizabeth Magie – “Monopoly”
via: commons.wikimedia.org | magisterrex.wordpress.com
Elizabeth Magie invents one of the most famous board games of all time “The Landlord’s Game” (Monopoly now) in 1904. Magie’s game was a criticism of the injustices of unchecked capitalism, unfortunately 30 years later her game was completely ripped off by Charles Darrow, who sold it to Parker Brothers. Parker Brothers tracked down Magie and paid her $500 for all her troubles.
3. Anna Connelly – “The Fire Escape”
via: Derek Jensen | google.com
Anna Connelly invented the fire escape in 1887. This device is so vital to public safety and has been saving many lives ever since.
4. Maria Beasely – “The Life Raft/Boats”
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Maria Beasely invented life boats in 1882, she wished that, “People should, like, stop dying in huge transportation disasters.” Her invention is so vital for saving lives and survival in the sea. She also invented a machine for creating barrels, and it made her really incredibly rich.
5. Dr. Maria Telkes – “Residential Solar Heating”
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Dr. Maria Telkes, a physicist and a solar-power pioneer, collaborate with an equally equipped woman, Eleanor Raymond, an architect, to build the first home fully heated by solar power in 1947. “Solar One”, the first solar-heated home.
6. Letitia Geer – “The Medical Syringe”
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Letitia Geer invented a medical syringe in 1899 that many are afraid of. This medical syringe can be operated with only one hand. So when the doctor injects you with only one hand, remember that a woman by the name of Letitia Geer invented that thing.
7. Florence Parpart– “The Modern Electric Refrigerator”
Florence Parpart invented the modern electric refrigerator in 1914. Parpart also invented and received a patent for a massively improved street-cleaning machine, in 1900. Which she promoted and sold to cities across the United States of America
8. Nancy Johnson – “The Ice Cream Maker”
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Nancy Johnson invented the ice cream freezer in 1843, patenting a design which is still used to the current day, even after the invention of electric ice cream makers. Nancy Johnson design is still the best when it comes to ice cream flavors and taste.
9. Ada Lovelace – “The Computer Algorithm”
via: commons.wikimedia.org | inf.ed.ac.uk
Ada Lovelace, from a young age she become a champion of mathematics she was encouraged by her scientist mother. Lovelace became “the first computer programmer” as she worked with Charles Babbage at the University of London on his plans for an “analytic engine” (i.e. old-timey computer) to develop ways to program the machine with mathematical algorithms.
10. Dr Shirley Jackson– “Breakthrough Research in Telecommunications Technology”
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Dr Shirley Jackson is a theoretical physicist and she was the first black woman to receive a Ph.D. from MIT, in 1973. While working at Bell Laboratories, she conducted breakthrough basic scientific research that gave boost to other inventors to invent the portable fax, touch tone telephone, solar cells, fiber optic cables, and the technology behind caller ID and call waiting that we enjoy today.
11. Josephine Cochrane – “The Dishwasher”
via: commons.wikimedia.org | google.co.uk
Josephine Cochrane invented the dishwasher in 1887. In an era where men ruled the land, she courageously marketed her invention to hotel owners, even without a husband, brother, or father to escort her, she valiantly goes to the meeting. And in the end she opened her own factory.
12. Hedy Lamarr – “Wireless Transmissions Technology”
via: commons.wikimedia.org | google.co.uk
Hedy Lamarr, a world-famous film star, she invented the wireless transmitions technology. Her invention of secret communications system during World War II for radio-controlled torpedoes, employing “frequency hopping” technology, has been the technological backbone for what we known now as from Wi-Fi to GPS.
13. Marie Van Brittan Brown – “CCTV”
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During 1960s, police were slow to respond to calls for help in the neighbourhood of New York City, because of this Marie Van Brittan Brown invented a system called “Closed-Circuit Television security, it was intended to help people guarantee their own security until the police arrived. She received her patented in 1969, her invention is the mother for all modern CCTV systems used for home security and police work today.
14. Margaret Knight – “The Paper Bag”
via: womansvibe.com | womenrockscience.tumblr.com
Margaret Knight invented square-bottomed bags that are still used until this very day. She received her patent for the machine in 1871, after a long legal battle Charles Anan, who tried to steal her work by arguing that a woman can’t possibly invent such brilliant device. When Knight was 12 years old, she invented a safety device for cotton mills which is still used today.
15. Alice H. Parker – “Central Heating”
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Alice H. Parker invented a system of gas-powered central heating furnace in 1919. However, her design was never built, it was the first time an inventor had conceived of using natural gas to heat a personal home. Parker’s gas heating furnace revolutionized how people heat their homes and inspired the central heating systems of the future.
16. Stephanie Kwolek – “Kevlar”
via: AP Photo/Courtesy of DuPont | Thinkstock
Stephanie Kwolek is a chemist who invented the super-strong Kevlar fibre, used to make bulletproof vests. Kwolek’s invention is five times stronger than steel, and also it has about 200 other uses.
17. Dr Grace Murray Hopper – “Computer Software”
via: commons.wikimedia.org | personal.psu.edu
Dr Grace Murray Hopper is a computer scientist who invented COBOL, “the first user-friendly business computer software program”. She was the first person to use to term “bug” to describe a glitch in a computer system, after discovering an actual moth triggering trouble in her computer. She is also a rear admiral in the U.S. navy.
18. Mesopotamian Women – “Beer”
via: commons.wikimedia.org | Harriet Williams
Believe it or not, beer is totally a girl’s drink. According to beer historian Jane Peyton, she claims that ancient Mesopotamian women were the first to develop, sell, and even drink beer. It is still unknown who exactly “invented” the beer we know, enjoy, love and made us drunk.
H/T: Buzz Feed